April 10, 2021

Jacogwe_Tow3

This is the first time I am hearing about “deepfakes” on the internet. I have seen videos of people using filters on social media platforms that use their images the same way deepfakes do. They are usually intended for comedic purposes, and far from deception or pornography. Though, it is utterly disgusting and unacceptable to think that deepfake technology is useful for (child) pornography. I would think that this new technique, if accessible to anyone, is quite dangerous. It requires taking an image or video of any person’s face and replacing it with a picture of another, then is used to make the picture move, speak, or do anything. Since technology is evolving every day, people use it so far beyond their intended purpose as a way to manipulate or deceive others. This type of technology should be left to the professionals for the making of documentaries of the deceased or to spread awareness.

This developing technology especially puts women and children in danger as their bodies can be used for pornographic images and put in films. Another thing about the use of deepfakes is that it can spread misinformation, which can lead to fake news. According to Ms. Schick, “This will become an issue that can affect everyone, especially those who don’t have resources to protect themselves.” Deepfakes are often used in the majority of political videos, making it seem like political figures are telling the truth. Sometimes politicians claim that “videos, including genuine ones, are fake in order to gain an advantage.” We know that deepfakes could potentially damage the reputations of others. If we want to prevent the spread of false information, we should educate ourselves on this subject.

 

April 10, 2021

kinsjaq_4.3

This article was filled with lots of information on how deepfake technology can be used for good and also some very evil purposes. One of the things it can be used for(for good or worse) is to use deepfakes for furthering propanganda of any political or religeous party. While propaganda ussually means misleading I’m using it here in the sense that this technology is being used to share messages to provoke an emotional responce from its viewers. Joaquin Oliver was one of the victims in a mass shooting and two years later he was “resurected” when his parents made a deepfake video of him addressing gun violence. An emotional plee from someone who has already passed…from someone elses mouth. Regardless of personal opinion regarding that specific issue it can be looked at as somewhat manipulative. First of all if you are using words that the person who has passed never specifically said you are quit litterraly putting words in a dead man(or womans) mouth. That to me is just slightly distrubing and also somewhat unethical especially since you haven’t gotten their permission in most cases. The line blurs when you think about that. How would these people feel if they are being recreated without consent? Happy to help spread a message, enraged at being used? Im sure an ethical converstaion is sure to follow the widespread use of this technology. One of which has already started which is the abuse of this new thechnology. There is an app out there for 1.50$ that will take a photo of anyone at all. Wherever that may be facebook, twitter, instagram, and use that photo to create a lewd photo of ANYONE. This has given rise to celeberity deepfakes an a exxcessive and disgusting amoung of child pornorgraphy spread across the internet. Reading an article that was linked in the New York Times regarding this issue it quotes “Anything they would want to see, their most twisted and perverted fantasies simply requires connection to the internet.” I don’t know about you but I find this very disturbing. If such abuse is already so wide spread than it’s bound to only get worse as the technology gets better. Of course every argument has two sides and everything can be evil or good. It all depends on who is wielding it. For example this technology is used in Hollywood to make the movies we love and help the actors. Samuel Jackson for example is de-aged in nearly all of the marvel films. Gemini Man fetures Will Smith and his “clone” which is just his younger self. This movie also used deepfake technology to create a digital masterpiece. Deepfakes were used by refugees from Checnya to protect their identity as they recounted their horrible expierences. This Technology will surely be a table for discussion all the way up into world politics as it could be used to seriously damage critical relations or breach privacy in such a way the goverment must take action. As I mentioned earlier as with all things this technology could be used for good or evil. It’s apparent in most cases that this will be used for both. To spread hateful messages and malicous content that is a disgusting violation of privacy. Or it can be used to possibly see and hear beloved ones again and spread positive messages. One take away you should have from this however is to know that no matter what you post where you post it or who you send it to. That information is stored and can be accesssed by anyone who posseses the skills neccacary. Take precautions, think before you post, and be safe.

 

April 10, 2021

siebmia week_3

      The potential of synthetic media, videos like Deepfakes, is concerning. Even without this technology, Americans struggle to accept the same realities–what will our country look like as synthetic technology becomes even more mainstream? This technology will likely be used to fuel conspiracy theories, which have become more prevalent in recent years even without convincing video evidence (or even evidence at all). In 2020, a GOP candidate running for a seat in the house released a 23-page report alleging that the murder of George Floyd by Derek Chauvin was staged through the use of Deepfake technology. The report argued that Floyd had died before May 25, 2020, and that Derek Chauvin is actually the host of the game show “Cash Cab”, Ben Bailey. We should be exetremely worried about the effect that this media will have on an already polarized America, especially as it becomes more user-friendly and less time-consuming. The use of Deepfakes for advertising, propaganda, and fake news is inevitable. I’m not convinced that the pros for this form of media outweigh the cons, even if Deepfake technology has been used to enact positive change.

      One of the more convincing arguments was the use of synthetic technology in the protection of queer Chechen’s in the documentary “Welcome to Chechnya”, which shed light on the country’s crackdown on LGBTQ+ rights. In this case, synthetic media was necessary to ensure people’s safety while raising awareness on a major crisis. If this technology hadn’t been used, Chechen’s involved in the documentary would have been in even more danger. Synthetic media has the potential to be an incredible resource for crises all over the world–if we learn to manage it.

April 10, 2021

mrussin_tow3

Despite the numerous cons that first come to mind when reading the article about deep fakes, I can also recognize the pros of this new animation technology as well. One of them, as mentioned throughout the article, is the ability to bring deceased people ‘back to life’ in the form of a short animated picture. I know who’s picture I would animate if I could, just to see them moving again and their facial expressions again. This technology is powerful when it comes to solving crimes, and as a MAJOR crime junkie who loves to see cases being cracked, like the Golden State Killer case, I know that this will be a huge help to those. 

The cons, however, are endless. As Schick said, people (particularly women and children) could be targeted and made into pornographic images or other heinous things. I don’t think that this technology is worth it simply based on that alone. It also scares me that we can create something like this, and is super creepy–it doesn’t sit right with me at all and I think we could live without it. Chesney and Citron claim that it could have destabilizing effects on global affairs because it could create misconstrued ideas for people in crimes, politics, or regular life based on digitally altered or staged videos. 

Although both arguments are persuasive, I agree with Schick’s more, because I think that these deepfake videos could eventually reach a point where enough laypeople know how to make them that pornography, especially with children, could become widespread with this technology. That has the ability to create deep trauma, and thwart future careers or choices for people, and that is the most saddening thing for me to think about. Overall I think this technology needs to be stopped overall. I’ll always be for the less technology the better, and this is one of those things that will greatly alter and harm the future world. I don’t want to live in a world where my images or videos could be altered to the point where it isn’t something I would ever do.

April 10, 2021

hersser_week3

There are always pros and cons of new technologies such as deepfake videos and it is important for us to assess them in order to safely move forward with using the technology. When it comes to women and children being inserted into pornographic images or politicians attempting to cover up the police murder of George Floyd by claiming the video was a deepfake, we should definitely be concerned. On the other hand, there are benefits to the technology as well that are addressed in the article: “It can put a face to issues and create deeper emotional connections.” Deepfakes have been created using images of deceased people to raise awareness about certain topics and call for action. Although a bit unsettling, this is a much more positive way to use this emerging technology. Still, if people truly wanted to advocate for things such as gun control and actually bring change, perhaps they should spend less time making deepfakes and focus on finding solutions or pushing for legislation instead. Another question that came up when discussing the ethicality of deepfake videos was how far people should go with creating videos and audios of people who have died without their consent. When touching on this subject, the article reads, “And that matters if dead people — especially celebrities — can be digitally resurrected, as the artist Bob Ross was to sell Mountain Dew.” Should companies really be able to use well-known people who have died to advertise their products and increase sales? It is important that we recognize the dangers that synthetic media poses to our society before deepfake technologies are further developed and become more commonly used.

April 10, 2021

Reyegra_Week 3

There are some pros about using deepfakes, but it seems that there are more cons than pros which is not surprising. The biggest con for me is when the article mentions that they use this technology to insert children into pornograghic images. Reading this instantly made me sick and it shows how people can easily misuse these types of technology which can be harmful to many people. Deepfake can also give a false picture or video instead of the actual picture/video. It hides truths with fakes. A pro about this technology is that they use it to “better age or de-age actors, or to improve the dubbing of films and TV shows in different languages, closely aligning lip movements with the language on screen.” I think deepfake should only be used in these kinds of situations and nothing else because deepfakes are too harmful to use. This technology shouldn’t be used just by anybody, companies like D-ID should only allow workers it can trust not to abuse the technology. It can have a negative effect on our future by making people believe that everything they see on the internet or in newspapers is fake. Many people today are already assuming that most of the pictures and videos they see on the internet are fake, so having this technology can further convince people that everything is fake. Nina Schick says that pornograghy usually takes hours to produce, so they mostly targeted celebrities. However, she said “as the technology becomes more advanced, less content will be needed to create the videos, putting more women and children at risk.” Deepfakes can have a destabilizing effect on global affairs by faking genuine videos in order to gain an advantage. I personally agree with Nina Schick that as technology advances, it will become easier to take advantage of women and children by doing whatever they want with their pictures. Ultimately, it’s wrong to lie and to hide truths with fakes. 

April 10, 2021

dundjtre Week 3

I believe that as of right now we don’t need to be that concerned about deepfake technology and getting scammed by it. From my understanding of the article it seems like a lot of work goes into makes a deepfake video and not just anyone can do it. In order for it to be a believable video it requires capable software to generate the fake video, a skilled impersonator who looks like the victim, and quite some time. Although it’s not that practical right now I can easily see how it could be used in the future so nefarious plots. With enough development in this field it would be possible for fake videos to become indistinguishable from real ones and anyone could be edited into any video with the results looking astonishingly real. Anything that is online could be faked or altered to the point where people wouldn’t be able to trust anything they see.

Another area of life that this technology could affect is politics because of how much social media is used. Robert Chesney and Danielle Citron fear that if any video can be faked then politicians could claim any video was false if they didn’t like what it said and no one would be able to prove either way. The majority of the information regarding politics comes from social media and the problems that we have to worry about now include fake images and text but in the future this deepfakes technology could make it to the point where nothing we see online can be trusted. Currently we don’t have to be concerned about this technology but we need to keep an eye on it because it certainly will be a problem in the future.

April 10, 2021

vargand_ToW3

With how advanced our technology has become, it is no surprise in my mind that deepfake videos are something we must deal with today. It is pretty concerning that people are now able to form false scenarios out of real images, which is the biggest concern considering it could be used in ominous ways. In The New York Times article Your Loved Ones, and Eerie Tom Cruise Videos, Reanimate Unease With Deepfakes by Daniel Victor, he touches on the concerns of deepfakes through pornography. He writes, “But the technology could be used – and has been – to raise doubts about legitimate videos and to insert people, including children, into pornographic images.” Although it is very difficult to create deepfakes, if it becomes more popular things could go south really quickly because a larger audience will be exposed to it and may know how to accomplish this form of technology. This may put children and women at risk through possible pornographic videos/images by having it be more accessible due to the steps getting easier to create deepfakes. They could also have a destabilizing effect on global affairs by having these false images/videos that people may claim are real or having real images/videos claimed to be false. I would say that both arguments are equally persuasive because they are both realistic in terms of how quickly our technology has grown in such a short amount of time, which only comes to show that it will only keep growing at a faster rate with greater advances.

 

April 10, 2021

hambame_Week 3

Hambame

Deepfakes, a technology used to forge pictures and videos has become popular in its recent developments. Technology is on the rise and with its ever changing developments there have been many improvements. These improvements are meant to be used for virtuous purposes, but the downfall is that there are indeed bad people in the world who would use it for malicious purposes as well. Advances in any technology can be good for many reasons and is often used for its intended purpose. The problem is, is people can always find an awful twist. Using this technology it is possible to forge images or videos to be whatever you want and make it scary accurate. Nina Schick the author of “Deepfakes: The Coming Infocalypse” believes that this technology can put women and children at risk because it can be used to create pornographic images. Law Professors, Robert Chesney and Danielle Citron say that it could have a “destabilizing effect on global affairs” because politicians claim that all videos whether they are real or not are fake in order to gain an advantage. Both make a valid argument against deepfakes, but I found that Robert Chesney and Danielle Citron were more convincing in how they laid out their argument. They had a specific example that added to the logic of their argument. There may also be some convincing and well thought out arguments for the benefits of deepfakes, however, I must say that deepfakes are quite startling and maybe the downfalls outweigh the benefits that come with this technology. 

April 10, 2021

roemmad_week3

The world should be very concerned about deepfake technology. While this technology can be used for good things like bringing awareness to certain issues, giving voices to people who have died, and letting people see moving pictures of their deceased loved ones, the bad aspects of it outweigh the good. Now, everything that we have to be able to tell what is real from what is fake (images, videos, audio recordings, written material) can be altered. Well produced deepfakes make it difficult to discern a real person from a computer generated likeness, which can cause world-wide chaos if an altered video is perceived as reality, especially in global politics. Real videos can also be perceived as fake and labeled as deepfakes as well if people don’t like the truth, adding another way that people can bend the truth with this technology. The ability to alter faces in video can only fuel distrust between nations as unless they are face-to-face (which is hardly possible during a pandemic,) leaders are not likely to trust each other. Additionally, women and children are particularly at risk for becoming victims of deepfakes and them or their likenesses being exploited online as it gets easier to produce altered videos. Since Deep Nostalgia was released and deepfakes became a TikTok trend, I myself have noticed a big increase in deepfakes being shared. Just yesterday I wanted to know more about a Korean idol my age (a minor) so I looked her up and within literal seconds was greeted with uncomfortable deepfakes. This is disgusting, but tells you a lot about how little safety women have on the internet and how much worse it has gotten over the last few months since deepfakes became mainstream.

April 10, 2021

craileo_week3

Deepfakes are a scary concept brought to life by AI learning and advanced computer editing. The idea of deepfakes is relatively new and people are just now seeing the range of effects that could come as a result of this new technology. In the article, we see a very specific example of a Tom Cruise impersonator and a visual effects artist working together to create a shockingly real video; and although scary at first, the amount of work that went into creating these simple videos is unimaginable. In this example, the creator said it took him around 24hours to edit each minute-long video. From this, we can safely say that deepfake technology is not yet very applicable but still possible nonetheless. I see this new technology being a big problem in the future but not very relevant in current times. One of the main challenges I predict we will see in the future is that they will significantly contribute to the continued erosion of faith in digital content. In the article, we also hear from Nina Schick, the author of “Deepfakes: The Coming Infocalypse,” who comments on the deleterious effects deepfaked pornography will have on women and children when the technology becomes more applicable. The article also discusses the problems we might face with identifying real videos from fake ones and how this could destabilize political affairs. Even recently although the claim was obviously illegitimate a republican candidate for a House seat in St.Louis claimed, “that the video of George Floyd’s death in police custody had been digitally staged.” In my opinion, I feel that the problems brought on by deepfakes will be felt most by celebrities and politicians who will get judged by the public based on fake videos and false information.